I really appreciated the gesture. I love teaching you guys, so thanks!!!
Also, very sorry for the delay in posting this blog entry -- I had a busy week...
CLASS SUMMARY AND INSIGHTS:
For our first class back after Winter Break, we covered Lesson 2 Dialogue 2. Esther was not with us in class, so you were stuck with your white teacher reading the vocabulary and dialogue materials.
Noteworthy Vocabulary points and insights:
- JI3 can mean either HOW MUCH/HOW MANY or SEVERAL/A FEW. Remember this; I explained in class and gave examples. Memorize.
- KOU3 as the MEASURE WORD FOR FAMILY MEMBERS (and only for family members -- NOT for people in general, which is GE). Think of it as "how many mouths the parents have to feed in the family." Kou3 afterall is a character and radical meaning MOUTH.
- GE1GE and MEI4MEI: we discussed reduplication of characters and how in most cases in Mandarin, the second syllable (second instance of the character) has a neutral tone. I demonstrated in class.
- LIANG3 is USED TO COUNT TWO OF SOMETHING, TWO OF SOME NOUN. It goes: liang3 + measure word + noun. This is different from ER4, the number 2 as in the concept of the number 2 -- 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, NOT 2 of any particular noun. Whenever you are counting 2 of any noun, Mandarin uses LIANG3. Think of it as "a couple of..." DO NOT think of it as "a pair," because liang3 bears no implications regarding 2 matched items that go together in any way.
- HE2: AND FOR 2 OR MORE NOUNS. Remember that this is for NOUNS, not for verbs or clauses. We will elaborate on this in future lessons.
- DA4JIE and DA4GE for OLDEST sister and OLDEST brother.
- ER4JIE and ER4GE for second oldest sister and second oldest brother, etc. using other numbers that we will learn to describe the order of siblings in families with multiple male and female children.
- ZUO4 TO DO, not to be confused with the second syllable of GONG1ZUO4, A JOB or TO WORK. Same syllable and tone, different Chinese characters -- and wonderful coincidence that we are learning the phrase "zuo4 gong1zuo4" to do work or to have a job.
- Remember that the word for LAWYER uses the UMLAUT U.
- DOU1 BOTH or ALL. If you are a Cantonese speaker, you also use this character in Cantonese to mean also. Remember that in Mandarin, it is NOT used to mean also, except by Cantonese speakers speaking Mandarin and forgetting that they should use YE3 instead.
- XUE2SHENG STUDENT and DA4XUE2SHENG, "big student" or college/university student.
- That someone's family HAS this number of people, OR
- That THERE ARE this number of people IN someone's family (or very often that such and such EXISTS at such and such a place, as in, "Does this mall HAVE a restaurant?" = "IS THERE a restaurant LOCATED AT this mall?"
We will review the dialogue briefly tonight and then proceed with the grammar points and examples and then break up into groups so we can do Language Practice on pages 55-59. This is a long Language Practice section, so my guess is that it will take up the rest of class tonight.
Hopefully, you all have reviewed the lesson material. No specific homework other than that, because I am so tardy with this blog entry and our next class is only 7 hours away...
Thanks and see everyone tonight -- and again, many thanks to everyone for your lovely card and gift last week!!!