|Thu, Jan 24, 2019 at 10:24 AM
Thursday, January 24, 2019
MANDARIN I ALESN SUMMARY AND NOTES ON WHAT WE COVERED LAST CLASS -- SORRY FOR THE DELAY!
Cantonese I ALESN review of what we covered in our last class -- sorry for the delay
|Thu, Jan 24, 2019 at 10:03 AM
Friday, January 11, 2019
ALESN Mandarin I Class summary and notes from this past Monday's class -- sorry for the 4 day delay...
Sorry for the 4 day delay in sending this email -- just busy...
This past Monday was our first day back in 3 weeks, so we spent the beginning of class reviewing the previous dialogue and vocabulary. Then I picked up with the 4 grammar points on pages 29-32:
- SHI4, the verb TO BE
- Yes or no questions ending with MA
- The negative adverb BU4 (and its possible tone change at times to BU2 when preceding 4 tone Mandarin verb, such as BU2 XING4 (to not have the last name of)
- The adverb YE3 (also)
Following my explanation of these grammar points and after going over the examples, we broke up into small groups and you all had a chance to do the Language Practice exercises on pages 32-34. We also learned some vocabulary words for some new nationalities that had not been covered so far in class, to help us ask and tell each other where we are from.
We finished the class with an introduction to Lesson 2 Dialogue 1 about FAMILY MEMBERS. We saw that this conversation / discussion takes place while 2 friends are looking at a family photo of one of the guys. YOUR HOMEWORK IS TO WATCH THE DVD VIDEO FROM THE SAN FRANCISCO STATE WEBSITE FOR THIS DIALOGUE SEVERAL TIMES, UNTIL YOU COMPLETELY UNDERSTAND IT AND YOU FEEL THAT YOU ARE READY TO REALLY WORK THE DIALOGUE IN NEXT MONDAY'S CLASS.
We are going to review the vocabulary and dialogue, re-break everything down from the dialogue into its basic concepts and the literal word order as it translates into English, and then after repeating it a number of times, we are going to break into small groups and you will all have a chance to run the dialogue back and forth for 10 or 15 minutes. Following this, we will cover (or begin to cover) 4 important grammatical concepts on pages 45-48. YOU ARE ENCOURAGED TO PREVIEW THIS MATERIAL AS WELL, AS PART OF YOUR HOMEWORK WHILE PREPARING FOR NEXT MONDAY'S CLASS.
As I mentioned in your email from 3 weeks ago, I am not sure what happened, but apparently my 2017 blog entries skip Lesson 1 Dialogue 2. There appears to have been some kind of miscommunication last year wherein Jeremy, our Thursday night Mandarin 2 teacher, had subbed for me that week and he had accidentally skipped Lesson 1 Dialogue 2 in favor of jumping right into Lesson 2 Dialogue 1. Apparently, my shy class at the time didn't think to stop him and ask him to back up to the previous dialogue...and then for whatever reason, I never actually covered Lesson 1 Dialogue 2 in a proper 2017 blog entry -- though I apparently did cover it in class...
Please review your recordings that you should have all made of last week's lesson, and please review the DVD videos for Lesson 1 Dialogue 2 and Lesson 2 Dialogue 1.
See everyone on Monday, when we will jump right into Lesson 2 Dialogue 1. Yay.
Sorry for the delay...busy week.
This past Monday, we covered all but the final conversation drills from lesson 2 and then we briefly previewed the vocabulary and recapitulated dialogue for lesson 3, which is what we will cover this coming Monday.
Because this past Monday was our first week back after 3 weeks off, we began by quickly reviewing the vocabulary and dialogue for lesson 2. Then I briefly reviewed the book's notes and grammar points up to page 42, which is where we had left off before Christmas. From here, I quickly covered the grammar points from page 42 through page 44:
- Choice type questions (in other words, YES OR NO questions). I explained the uses of blah blah blah MA3 questions to take any statement and turn it into a yes or no question. I also covered the equivalent questions formed by verb MH4 verb A3 questions -- also yes no or "choice type questions." I gave lots of examples. We will continue coverage of these 2 types of yes/no questions for the rest of the year, so don't worry if you didn't "get" everything the first time during last Monday's class.
- Question word questions: WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, WHY, HOW, HOW MUCH/HOW MANY? So far, we have seen WHAT questions (mat1 yeh5 / mi1 yeh5 / me1 yeh5 questions). ***NOTE WHERE THE QUESTION WORD "WHAT" GOES IN A CANTONESE QUESTION: IT GOES AT THE END OF THE SENTENCE: blah blah blah HAIH6 MAT1 YEH5 A3? We will discuss the placement of Cantonese question words at length as they come up for the rest of the course. I briefly introduced the WHO question at the end of last Monday's class when I previewed lesson 3's vocabulary and dialogue...
- GE3 "noun forming boundword" = "OF OR PERTAINING TO" whatever comes before it. We have already seen this in lesson 2's dialogue with Pronoun SING3 [LAST NAME] GE3 = "He or she is one of those Wong people." I explained that there are other uses, and that the most common use of GE3 is actually "apostrophe s" -- as in possession: BOB GE3 = Bob's [whatever it is that Bob owns]. Ngoh5 GE3 = MY or MINE...We will cover other uses of GE3 as the course unfolds.
- Pronunciation variations of MAT1 YEH5, including the briefest contracted form of all, ME1?!, which is rude [watch Cecilie's CantoCourse Cantonese The Movie Episode 1 In A Bar Youtube video for her discussion of ME1?!].
Everyone in class did very well with the various transformation, expansion, and response drills on pages 44-49. In the interest of time, I asked you all to do the Conversation Drills on pages 49-53 on your own. I wanted to allow time for a brief preview of Lesson 3, which we did. SO, YOUR HOMEWORK IS TO REVIEW LESSON 2 AND TO DO THE JUST MENTIONED CONVERSATION DRILLS ON YOUR OWN.
Everyone is sounding really, really good when you are repeating after me. How well are you all doing when there is no one in the room to repeat after?
Well, I hope?
Please refer to the following THREE 2017 blog entries covering the material mentioned above:
I AM ALSO REMINDED FROM THIS BLOG ENTRY THAT FOLLOWING THE MENTION OF QUESTION WORD QUESTIONS IN 2017, I DIGRESSED WITH THE GENERAL SYNTAX OF A CANTONESE SENTENCE, IN THE FORM OF A MAP THAT YOU CAN USE FOR THE REST OF YOUR LIFE TO CONSTRUCT A GRAMMATICALLY CORRECT CANTONESE SENTENCE ABOUT ANYTHING EVEN WHEN YOU ARE NOT COMPLETELY FAMILIAR WITH THE VOCABULARY INVOLVED.
Please preview this information in the above blog entry and we will cover it on Monday. Please also watch the ridiculous and spot on "2 White Guys Speaking Cantonese" video at the end of the blog entry. It should make you smile. It is very well done. These 2 guys grew up in Macau and I think went through the Chinese school system there, and live in Canada now, which is where they are originally from, I believe. They have other videos as well, if you like them.
Here is the next 2017 blog entry, also covering this same lesson 2 material, with another Cecilie CantoCourse video at the end:
And finally, the 2017 blog entry covering the end of the Lesson 2 material:
See everyone on Monday, with a synopsis of [WHEN] WHO [WHEN] WHERE [WHAT action happens in the sentence] WHY/HOW Cantonese sentence structure and syntax, and then the beginning of lesson 3.